Both types of essays can offer valid conclusions; however, the researcher must take care with generalizing his findings to other cases. Marci Sothern has written as a tutor in the academic field since She holds a bachelor's degree in history and a master's degree in political science from the University of Texas at Tyler. Her main areas of expertise include American history, comparative politics, international relations and political theory.
How to Conduct Social Science Research. Steps in a Qualitative Research Paper. Types of Critical Theories. General principles of good practice for all research will also apply. Are the methods of the research appropriate to the nature of the question s being asked, i. Qualitative research is often based on or includes non-probability sampling. The unit s of research may include one or a combination of people, events, institutions, samples of natural behaviour, conversations, written and visual material, etc.
The process of analysis should be made as transparent as possible notwithstanding the conceptual and theoretical creativity that typically characterises qualitative research. Submit Your Paper Enter your login details below. Username Password I forgot my password Register new account.
Username Password I forgot my password. Track accepted paper Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Order Journal Personal subscription Institutional subscription. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year e.
More about CiteScore Impact Factor: The qualitative research approach does not begin with a hypothesis to be proven or disproved -- a…… [Read More]. Mixed Methods Research Study Each of the. Each of the three studies must have been published in a peer-reviewed journal. Analysis of a Qualitative Research Report: What is the problem the study was conducted to address? Many schools have not adopted new electronic-era media literacies into their core curricula, but understanding these new, evolving literacies is critical to understanding how students learn today, especially with regard to low-income students, for several reasons urner, , p.
Why is the problem an important one for someone in your discipline to study? If those students will be the workforce of the next generation, the workers we manage will need critical multi-media literacy skills…… [Read More]. Numerical Research That Can Be. This is yet another reason we cannot assume that data is 'objective' because it is quantitative in nature. For example, when constructing an experiment "an extreme groups design e.
Conversely, doing an experiment 'in the field' is likely to yield a less statistically-significant impact because of the inability to control the extremity of the variables. Significance criteria, sample estimate, and effect size, can all influence…… [Read More]. Ethics in Research for Organizations of All. Ethics in esearch For organizations of all types, the last three decades have been crucial in changing the manner in which organizations interact with each other, stakeholders, the government, and themselves.
Most of these changes occurred because of the evolution of globalization, which after the Cold War, increased cooperation between nations and regions while, at the same time, increased stakeholder expectations, opened hundreds of new markets, and now requires that organizations operate on a new level.
Particularly after the Enron scandal, stakeholders expect more transparency and honesty from organizations. Because of advances in technology and communication, this has also bled over into…… [Read More]. Designing a Research Project Over. The primary data collection is more useful to Mary.
The reason why, is because they are focusing on real cases and statistics surrounding juvenile crime. This will make her findings and analysis more realistic by looking at the actual numbers.
Support your opinions with reasons. Qualitative research would be more suitable for this kind of project. This is because we are looking at the environment that these individuals are living in.
At which point, we are seeking to address the underlying problems by: Sigma This Chapter Presents Research. Unlike primary data that are time-consuming, the secondary data is less time consuming, and a research could collect secondary data to answer the research questions as well as achieving research objectives.
Boslaug argues that the economy is the major advantage of secondary data. More importantly, the saving of time is another major advantage of secondary data. Since the data has already been collected and analyzed, the research only needs to collect the data for his or her research study. Boslaug further points out that secondary data are characterized with the informed expertise, which may not be available with primary data. Despite the advantages that this research derives from secondary data, there are still disadvantages associated with secondary data.
The secondary data may not be suitable to…… [Read More]. Is it Possible to Blend Qualitative Approaches. Managing Different Perspectives in the Literature One of the strengths of qualitative literature -- as well as one of its frustrations -- is its innate subjectivity.
Different authors may present the reader with different approaches, both of which can be equally valid and still be characterized as qualitative. The variety of perspectives offered on qualitative research from diverse sources allows the individual researcher to tailor his or her approach to the specific subject of his or her research study. Unlike a quantitative, statistical approach which requires passing certain mathematical tests to be valid, the validity of a qualitative approach depends on the needs of the specific study.
For example, for a primarily narrative qualitative study that is merely designed to showcase experiences, having a research question might not be particularly useful. However, for a grounded theory approach, a research question would likely be required to focus the research process and…… [Read More].
Ensuring Research Quality in Qualitative Studies. Falter in Quality The strength of the use of interviews as a data collection device is that they ensure a high rate of response; that the interviewer can tailor his or her response to the subjects' responses over the course of the interview; and the interviewer can clarify any ambiguous responses. Problems with interviews can arise when the subjects make their responses conform to the unintentionally communicated expectations of the interviewer, based on a desire to 'please' the researcher.
To ensure quality control in my process of interviewing I tried to adhere to a relatively similar script between interviews for comparison of subject responses. I did not want to be overly directive during the interview and only intervened if the subjects were confused and had no response to my queries. I transcribed and recorded the interviews to ensure I was not missing any critical word choices that might be revelatory…… [Read More].
Social Sciences In General Qualitative. These individuals will be recruited via email, similar to that of the journal recruitment email. However, the email will only detail that they have been selected to participate in a free shopping spree at a given time and place in appreciation for their loyal patronage.
Another possibility is to set up a drawing at the selected store. From the individuals who register, random participants can be selected. The experiment itself will utilize a simulated shopping environment will be set up. Half the participants will be bombarded with advertisements while shopping and prior to shopping such as having ads mailed and emailed to them. The other half will not be bombarded with the advertisements for that particular brand and products.
All other variables will be the same. After the experiment, the observer will be able to compare the purchases of the two groups to see if the advertisement group purchased the…… [Read More].
Mixing Methods Within Research Projects. Niglas, Stated to be research questions that should guide the empirical study design are those as follows: What type of combined designs have been sued? What is the level of integration between qualitative and quantitative aspects of studies? Do they offer a rationale for their choice? What is the purpose of the combination of different approaches? Niglas, ryman reports that research study conducted for the justification of combination of quantitative and qualitative research finds the following five justifications in the combination of research of both qualitative and quantitative types: Value of Shifting From Qualitative to Quantitative.
Value of Shifting from Qualitative to Quantitative and Back Again Qualitative research is considered hypothesis generating, whereas quantitative research is designed to test hypotheses. Qualitative research tends to focus on experiences, rather than the measuring and tracking of objective factors, but there are times when it makes sense to base a qualitative study on quantitative findings. This essay will examine the value of transitioning from qualitative to quantitative study designs and vice versa.
Qualitative to Quantitative A qualitative study is traditionally conducted when little is understood about a phenomenon, such as the experiences of patients during treatment. For example, Black and Fauske were interested in understanding the experiences and practices of case managers during advanced care planning. A focus group design was used to conduct semi-structured interviews,…… [Read More]. Nature of the Research and. Another Perspective The line of thought espoused in the QH article is echoed when assessing the California State University at Long Beach website section regarding qualitative research.
They, much like the author of this response would suggest, advocate the importance and necessity of qualitative research but at the same time caution about using it correctly and in a way that yields proper and verifiable results. Simple conjecture and blind assumptions are not part of any good research, qualitative or quantitative, and that slippery slope that exists is much more pervasive and prone to come to pass when…… [Read More].
Mixed Method Qualitative, quantitative, mixed methodologies Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methodology research Quantitative methodologies tend to be data-driven in nature. The presumption of the correct 'way of knowing' in quantitative research is positivistic in nature. It is assumed there is an objective, concrete truth that can be learned through empirical observation and the careful construction of an experiment. Quantitative methods of research often use the scientific method or quasi-scientific methods of study design.
The researcher has a clear idea of the phenomenon he or she is attempting to study. The researcher's primary tools include questionnaires, objective measurements and other methods of gathering statistical results. Often there is a control group to see if the results are statistically significant in nature. The study is carefully designed before the research takes place to isolate specific variables of inquiry and its focus of study is narrow, rather than broad.
The types of knowledge…… [Read More]. Experimental esearch Methods in Business Experimental esearch Methods The author provides a survey of the literature illustrating applied experimental research methods in cross-sections of business and organization types. The advantages and disadvantages of the experimental research methods are discussed for each of the examples provided which run the gamut from depression-era agricultural economics to research conducted for the National Science Institute.
While the article focuses on business research methods, the range of examples from multiple disciplines serves to demonstrate the adaptability of various methods to distinct contexts, the importance of thoughtfully developed research questions, and perceptions in the field regarding scientific rigor.
The article is intended to guide students in their exploration of the breadth and depth of experimental research methods and to convey a sense of the challenges of applied scientific inquiry.
Introduction The study of business topics has not always been inherently scientific. Certainly the work of Max…… [Read More]. Proposing and Justifying a Research Method and Design. There has been a noticeable, growing increase of the presence of African-American women in undergraduate and graduate education while the gap between African-American males and females has widened. The dissertation will use a mixed methods, grounded theory perspective to determine why this is the case.
The overall theoretical perspective of the work will be rooted in critical race theory and poststructuralist concepts. Quantitatively assessed questionnaires and coded qualitative interviews will attempt to answer the question of why African-American male participation in higher education lags behind that of African-American females. These trends will be contextualized in the overall, larger trend of increased female participation as a whole on the undergraduate and graduate levels, to the point that women are now graduating in greater numbers than their male colleagues.
As well as research questions specific to the dissertation, the relative merits of qualitative and quantitative…… [Read More]. Social Research Effective and Ethical. This allows the researcher and the research to be completely and comprehensively concerned with doing the "right" thing, regardless of what the observations and evidence gathered in the course of the research shows.
This applies to honesty in recording and presenting information as well as to the collection methods for obtaining this information. Without a strong ethical through-line in social research, the entire purpose of this research ends up being lost. Social research exists specifically to identify issues in society and among individuals and to suggest ways to improve these issues, and to build better-functioning societies that allow for greater chances at group and individual success.
The measures of this success and the determination of exactly what constitutes a "better functioning society" are, of course, issues with many often hugely divergent conclusions, but even when these conclusions seem diametrically opposed the individuals that hold these conclusions are working towards the…… [Read More]. How do consumers search for and appraise health information on the world wide web?
Qualitative study using focus groups, usability tests, and in-depth interviews. Bmj, , Designing a qualitative study. The SAGE handbook of applied social research methods, 2, Anorexia has an emotional impact on the whole body.
When the body is not getting the energy it requests to purpose normally, it goes into a mode of starvation. The body decelerates down and then turns to itself to gather the nutrients it needs, meaning the body starts to devour itself and the medical difficulties heap up Healthguide, , sec.
Anorexics can suffer from not having their menstrual periods, anemia, little body fluids, withered bones, loss of mineral, changes in brain chemistry, unbalanced heartbeat, failure of the kidney, failure of the heart, the growth of osteoporosis, and in the end death Kids Health. How can anorexia nervosa be treated? Treatment for this disease stresses significantly on the physical and psychological features of the issue. Health Topic sec , treating anorexia comprises of three constituents: The medical treatment for anorexia sometimes can involve hospitalization.
Therapy is another constituent in treating anorexia. Some methods of therapy comprise of behavior therapy, family therapy nutritional counseling, cognitive therapy, and group rehabilitation Heathguide, , sec 2.
The process of leading organizational change. Organizational climate and culture: Competing dynamics for transformational leadership. Review of Business Research. International Academy of Business and Economics. Retrieved January 20, from HighBeam Research: The development of management theory: How it all got started. Retrieved January 18, from HighBeam Research: A force for change: How leadership differs from management.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Nurses' beliefs about family presence during resuscitation. Aspects of caring for dying patients which cause anxiety to first year student nurses. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 11 8 , Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice. Essentials of nursing research. Qualitative research in nursing: Advancing the humanistic imperative. References Concerns about kidney failure. Retrieved August 8, , from Web site: A Review of the Qualitative Research.
Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress. The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research 3rd ed. The practice of social research. An attempt to clarify the problem. Retrieved October 2, , at http: Works Cited Maloni, J. Retrieved 22 Sept at http: Naturalistic inquiry in e-learning research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 4, Counseling Psychologist, 35, Last accessed 14 Dec Barclays Profits Fall by a Third.
Last accessed 14 Dec Business Case Studies. References Qualitative research designs. University of Missouri at St. Data collection strategies II: How and what to code. Methods of data collection in qualitative research: Ways to optimize understanding health related information.
Geriatric Nursing 32 1. Introduction to educational research. Doing and writing qualitative research. Turning points in qualitative research. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches 3rd ed. Hidden in plain sight: Human trafficking in the United States. Gender Issues, 27 , Works Cited Bartholomew, L. Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four-category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Mixing oil and water? Commitment and satisfaction in romantic associations: A test of the investment model. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 16,, Exit, voice, loyalty, and neglect: Responses to dissatisfaction in romantic involvements. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Qualitative Interviews View Full Essay. Grounded theory, mixed methods, and action research. British Medical Journal, , Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research coreq: International Journal for Quality.
Qualitative Research and Educational Leadership: International Journal of Educational Management, 29 7 , Nurse Education Today, 35 7 , Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Health Promotion Practice,
BASIC CONCEPTS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH (An Essay) By Deborah Sitorus One of the ways to gain knowledge is by carrying out some research. As what Zacharia () stated that in daily life most people conduct research to gain knowledge.
Mar 29, · INTRODUCTION TO QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS This chapter introduces the fundamental elements of qualitative research methods, beginning with a definition of qualitative of research, followed by discussion on the evolution of qualitative research methods and how it is different from quantitative research methods.
In this essay I am going to express my understanding of the key principles of qualitative research. In order to understand the nature of qualitative research, we must primarily look at the constructivist ontology and the interpretivist epistemology, which will allow us to develop an understanding of the context in which the qualitative methodology is conceptualised. Qualitative research is known as an early form of social sciences. According to many theorists qualitative method allows researchers collect an in-depth understanding of human behavior, experiment, opinion, or attitude relating to individuals or a group or a case study through the key methods such as in-depth interview, focus group, observation etc.
Qualitative research approaches are grounded in theoretical frameworks that make certain assumptions about the world, about how qualitative research is best conducted, and about the type of research questions and solutions are acceptable for the research approach, and about the criteria that appropriate for trustworthiness (which is the equivalent proof in quantitative research approaches). Qualitative essays are more subjective and focus on the researcher’s own inferences drawn from his study of the data. In contrast, quantitative studies are more objective and concentrate on drawing conclusions based an statistical analysis of the data.