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The U.S. Constitution: An Overview

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❶The Constitution itself specified that 9 of the 13 states would have to ratify the document before it could become effective. Board of Education , President Dwight D.

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The Purpose of the Constitution: Why was the United States Constitution Created?
Who Is It For?

Understanding the original purpose of the Constitution and why the constitution was created gives insights to its importance and the need to preserve it. The United States Constitution is the oldest and the shortest written constitution in the world.

Its 4, words have played a crucial role in limiting government and creating freedom for over years. Why was the Constitution created?

The answers to this question seem contradictory: The Founding Fathers, most of whom opposed slavery, feared slave owners, who considered slaves property, would use the phrase to perpetuate slavery.

The immediate reason for creating the Constitution was to replace the Articles of Confederation, which contained the following weaknesses:. All these weaknesses are addressed in the United States Constitution. The Preamble states that the Constitution was established in order to: Each of these principles addressed weaknesses that had arisen in the Articles of Confederation government.

The legislative branch was established in Article I, the lengthiest and most detailed of any of the articles. It established Congress' powers and limitations, its method of election, and outlined the qualifications of members.

Enumerated powers, or expressed powers, refer to the 17 powers specifically delegated to Congress in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution. These powers include the power to coin money, to provide for an army and navy, and to borrow money. It allows Congress "[t]o make all [l]aws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into [e]xecution the foregoing powers Congress and the Supreme Court have paired this clause with the Commerce Clause to provide the constitutional justification for many federal laws covering subject matter not specifically delineated in the enumerated powers.

Which portion of Article I, Section 8, establishes Congress' power over interstate commerce? Congress' power over interstate commerce is established in the Commerce Clause, which allows Congress "[t]o regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.

The Commerce Clause has been used often paired with the Elastic Clause to justify federal intervention and laws in almost any matter, as long as some tie can be found to commerce or the economy. Article II establishes the executive branch and how a president is elected. What relevant institution is also defined in Article II? Much of the Electoral College system proved unworkable after the development of political parties and was amended by the Twelfth Amendment in , establishing the current Electoral College.

According to Article II, what are the president's responsibilities? Article II's last section describes the removal of the president, vice president, and all civil officers from their offices.

What is the removal process called? Only two presidents, Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton, have been impeached, and neither was removed. Article III establishes the judicial branch; specifically the Supreme Court and "such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. According to Article III, how long do federal judges retain their positions on the bench? Under Article III, federal judges "shall hold their [o]ffices during good [b]ehavior," which is typically taken to mean that judges have lifetime tenure and can only be removed by impeachment.

Article III states that Congress may not reduce federal judges' salaries during their time in office. Why were these provisions enacted? The framers enacted these provisions to prevent Congress from pressuring federal judges with the threat of reduced pay, thus making the judiciary more independent. What is the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction?

Original jurisdiction is the power to hear a case for the first time, while appellate jursidiction allows a court to review a lower court's decision. In addition to establishing the principle of judicial review, Marbury v. Madison held that Congress may not expand the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction.

In addition, Congress can grant expanded appellate jurisdiction to the Supreme Court. Article III guarantees a jury trial except in cases of impeachment. This passage is Article III's definition of treason and provides that no one shall be convicted of treason absent the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act or the accused's confession.

Article III also prevents the federal government from convicting the traitor's relatives merely because they are related. Such convictions were allowed in Great Britain.

The clause reads that "[F]ull faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of other states. The Privileges and Immunities Clause requires that states not discriminate against citizens of other states in favor of their own citizens.

According to Article IV, after a purported criminal flees to a different state, who can request that the different state extradite return the criminal? Under Article IV, the extradition request must come from the governor of the state where the criminal act took place.

According to Article IV, which branch of the federal government authorizes the formation of new states? New states are authorized by the legislative branch. Importantly, Article IV prohibits new states from being formed out of the territory of existing states without that state's permission. Pursuant to Article IV, what form of government does the federal government guarantee to each state?

Only rarely reviewed by the Supreme Court, scholars believe this clause was designed to allow the federal government to intervene in the case of an intrastate insurrection, such as Shay's Rebellion, and guarantees that each state is governed by representative institutions. In Article V, the Constitution provides two means for proposing amendments. Once a constitutional amendment has been proposed, what two procedures under Article V allow for its ratification? The state ratifying convention method has only been used once -- for the Nineteenth Amendment.

The Federalist Papers were written to address concerns about governmental power. As a result of anti-Federalist sentiment, however, the Bill of Rights, which articulated the rights of U. A published writer since , Somer Taylor has authored two fiction books through PublishAmerica and has written for various websites. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language.

Constitution has influenced other nations to create their own constitutions. The Articles of Confederation To create written rules of operation for the American government, the Continental Congress met during the Revolutionary War and drafted the Articles of Confederation in Weakness of the Articles of Confederation The central government lacked the ability to raise funds. The Constitution Following the Revolution, the nation faced economic problems as a result of the great debt of the war.

Organization of the Constitution At the time consisting of seven articles, the Constitution set out the functions of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government. Aftermath Following its drafting, the ratification process began. Constitution in the Western Hemisphere; Prof.

About the Author A published writer since , Somer Taylor has authored two fiction books through PublishAmerica and has written for various websites. What Were the Intentions of the Framers of the Constitution?

What Governed the U.

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The reasons for writing the constitution were: 1. There were problems with the Articles of Confederation (AofC) which served as the constitution before this one. This is the main reason. 2. Another reason is that we needed another form of government and the constitution gave us two branches that was the judicial branch and the executive .

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Reasons for the Constitution: The Weakness of the Articles of Confederation. The immediate reason for creating the Constitution was to replace the Articles of Confederation, which contained the following weaknesses: The Articles created a unicameral legislature with no executive or judicial branch, hence, no separation of .

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Other reasons that the Constitution was created was to provide for the separation of powers in the government as well as rights to U.S. citizens. The Articles of Confederation To create written rules of operation for the American government, the Continental Congress met during the Revolutionary War and drafted the Articles of Confederation . Some reasons for writing the constitution were in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.

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Start studying 6 Purposes of the Constitution (in the Preamble). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The American Constitution established fundamental laws and the national government of America. It also served as a provision of some basic rights to its citizens. The sole reason the constitution was written was to initiate a powerful federal .