As Patrick volunteered for these political campaigns, he became more deeply committed to the tobaccofree cause — and increasingly aware of what the obstacles were to further progress for the growing movement for a smokefree America.
Contributions from to were tallied. Scroll down for more about this. Until now, tobacco has enjoyed the unusual special privilege of escaping significant oversight. If passed by Congress, the FDA will have the authority to: In , five states joined that list, far more than in any previous year.
In , eight more States signed on, bringing the current total to In some States, governors and Legislatures have been slow to respond, perhaps due to the power of the tobacco lobby and campaign contributions by Big Tobacco, in the millions annually. In response, the health community, usually led by a coalition of the American Cancer Society, the American Lung Association and the American Heart Association, often work to place a measure on State ballots, and put the matter before voters. These ballot measures are passing by landslide margins in every election.
The Restaurant Associations, often backed by Big Tobacco, were wrong. Tobacco tax increases Increasing tobacco taxes is a win for three reasons: As a result, there is little liability for politicians to vote for them. It's no wonder that since the start of , more than 42 States have increased their cigarette taxes. In Missouri, Big Tobacco also successfully spent millions to defeat an 80 cent tax hike on the ballot there. President Bush has not led Congress in the direction of increasing the Federal tax beyond the present 32 cent per pack.
The Judicial branch of our government, free of the influence of campaign contributions, delivered a great victory over the tobacco industry.
Congress and President Bush, however, have thus far failed to be pro-active in the fight against Big Tobacco. Notably, city governments are, like the courts, free of campaign contributions by Big Tobacco. Reynolds also discusses which politicians have taken Big Tobacco's contributions, and cites a study saying that officials who take tobacco industry money are several times more likely to vote the way Big Tobacco wants them to.
The tobacco industry's own documents showed that they knew that their products were addictive and caused disease and death, yet they concealed that knowledge, claiming publicly for decades, 'It's never been proven that cigarettes cause disease.
They used cartoon characters like Joe Camel, and recently, images of DJ's and rappers on cigarette packaging and other marketing materials. They also used powerful role models for young people, such as the Marlboro Man and images of successful, independent women.
They targeted youth knowing that teens were their most likely new customers. Indeed, studies show that only one smoker in ten starts smoking after reaching age After 19, the tobacco industry is not likely to rope them in.
In a secret meeting in the 's between all the major tobacco companies, tobacco executives agreed to stonewall the truth about the health dangers of smoking. The meeting was held at New York's Plaza Hotel in the 's. They would later also conceal their knowledge of the addictive properties of nicotine, and deny that second hand smoke was hazardous, when they knew otherwise.
The Federal Government's Lawsuit During his early years in office, President Bush's budgets made a choice to grossly under fund the lawsuit launched by President Clinton in Finally, Congress appropriated funding for the US Department of Justice to continue the Federal Government's case, which seeks to hold the tobacco industry accountable for decades of harmful and illegal practices.
These include concealing the health risks of smoking and targeting children in multi-million dollar advertising campaigns. The trial began on September 21, , and is continuing. If the government wins, they will seek to require the tobacco companies to fund youth tobacco prevention programs and also to provide funding to help smokers quit.
If adequately funded, this could cost the tobacco industry from tens of billions to hundreds of billions. The Federal governments lawsuit against Big Tobacco seeks some of the same restrictions which FDA Regulation would also bring see bulleted points above.
Significantly, however, the Federal government's lawsuit will seek strong new limits on tobacco advertising and marketing. Tobacco advertising continues to be strongly protected by our Constitution's First Amendment, or Freedom of Speech.
One possible solution to reducing or eliminating tobacco advertising is to include this as a deal point in the settlement of the government's lawsuit. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control In response to the worldwide tobacco pandemic, a global treaty became international law on February 27th, The Treaty has been signed by nations and ratified by more than While the US has signed the treaty, as of April, , President Bush has still failed to send it on to the Senate for ratification.
The treaty calls on signing nations to: This reduces smoking among youth and adults. Measures which have been effective in the US to help bring about declining smoking rates include tax increases, smoking bans and youth prevention programs. The Framework Convention Alliance is playing a key role in informing policymakers and increasing cooperation among nations. Reynolds shows these overheads in his video and live talks. Art by Adbusters Advertising: Targeting youth — and women, blacks, Asians, Latinos, and Third World peoples Cigarette ad campaigns have targeted all these groups; Mr.
Reynolds opens students' eyes to the truth about tobacco ad campaigns which have targeted them. He uses humorous spoofs of cigarette ads, such as Joe Camel above, dying from cancer in a hospital bed.
About the Malboro Country ad just above, he points out, "These smokers are gathered outside, because they aren't welcome inside the building. Today, being a nonsmoker is the norm. If you smoke, you're often not welcome around others. Seven States Attorneys General have sued to stop the tobacco companies from targeting youth, on the grounds that it violates a deal point in the settlement of the States' lawsuit against Big Tobacco.
In October, , R. Reynolds finally agreed to take its candy-flavored cigarettes almost completely off the market, and to stop running ads associating them with alcoholic beverages. Reynolds Candy-flavored Camel Cigarettes Click each ad for a larger view. Click each ad for a larger view. See our more detailed page on smoking in TV and films. Studies showed that characters in the movies are much more likely to smoke than a person in real life.
In this way, movies have mislead many teens into thinking that smoking is more popular than it actually is. Even worse, many stars have made smoking look cool to kids when they go to movies. One effective response is to shine the media spotlight on movie and TV stars who make smoking look cool in their films.
Let's give a dose of healthy shame to producers, directors and stars who make smoking look cool to kids. John Travolta smoked in every film he'd appeared in during the 90's. Julia Roberts smoked in several of her films, as did other stars -- Brad Pitt, Wynona Ryder, and others. We uncovered this photo of an old ad for Lark cigarettes by Pierce Brosnan, seen in Japan. But Brosnan has since shown tremendous leadership in the Hollywood community, by forswearing smoking in his films.
He has set a brilliant example for other stars. Charlie Sheen's ad for Parliament ran in Japan. He set a bad example for youth who look up to him. Just a few years ago, some producers would take large payments from the tobacco companies to place cigarette brands in films. In Superman II , woman reporter Lois Lane, a nonsmoker in the comics, chain-smoked Marlboros, and the Marlboro brand name appeared some 40 times in the film.
Of course, Lois Lane is a role model for young girls. An Initiation To help prepare students to deal responsibly with tough moments in their lives and not resort to drugs, alcohol or tobacco , Mr. Reynolds revives the universal ancient tradition of Initiation.
In this inspiring section near the close of his talk, he points out, "For many thousands of years, in diverse societies all over the world, the older members of the tribe would take the younger ones out into the forest or desert to initiate them into life.
Although there was no radio or newsmedia, tribes all over the Earth engaged in this practice, whether by intuition, common sense, tradition, or some blend of these. This near-universal rite of passage of ancient times has been all but forgotten by our modern society.
I believe the core purpose was to let youths know that life would at times be painful, to expect difficulty, and that this is in a normal part of adult life. At the conclusion, most initiation rites would welcome the young to the world of adults. I'm not going to inflict physical pain or have any rituals. I'm just going to inform you, in no uncertain terms, that life will sometimes be painful.
It's designed to be that way And it's by staying with our pain that we solve the problem and heal — not by running away from it. Take the harder road. Only a baby gets instant gratification; adults have to delay and wait for it. Often there is healing just in talking about the problem to someone. You can do it — you're up to the challenge! So stay with the problem and deal with it. Welcome to the world of adults.
Youth smoking has been on the decline since , thanks in part to effective new tobacco prevention and education programs in some States. A CDC study suggested that cigarette ad campaigns targeting youth, such as the cartoon camel and the Marlboro Man, were a significant factor in the dramatic upsurge in teen smoking. The study also pointed to a substantial increase in the amount smoking in TV and movies by film stars. Reynolds believes the new anxiety among youth has also helped fuel a rise in teen smoking and campus binge drinking.
In a paper for the Stanford Medical Review, he identified a third possible factor helping explain the increase in youth smoking from '88 to ' He pointed to market research by Coca-Cola, which showed that "great numbers of young people today suffer from intense anxiety about the future and an acute sense of diminished expectations. Time, May 3, Since September 11th and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, many our youth are more worried about the years ahead.
Reynolds, "many of today's teens may be more prone to engage in high risk behaviors, before an uncertain tomorrow arrives. To counteract this new attitude, he devotes a brief section of his anti-smoking talk to motivating students to believe more strongly in the future. He does this first by encouraging them to talk to others and not isolate, second to think more positively, and third, to reevaluate what real wealth is. He questions whether wealth is purely about material things.
Finally, he inspires students with "my own strong faith in the future — that no matter what, things will eventually be OK.
So hold on to your health. Don't smoke, don't use drugs, and don't drink, because you'll need your health — every precious bit of it — for the wondrous and amazing years ahead.
The story in Florida is an example, and became a template which other states would follow. So Florida's ban instead came from the voters in a ballot measure initiated by a coalition of the American Cancer Society, the American Lung Association, the American Heart Association, and other groups.
In States that are burdened in this way, one of the highest priorities of local tobaccofree groups is to repeal preemption. As of , only four States have allocated even the CDC's minimum recommended amount for an effective tobacco education campaign, despite proof that these programs have been spectacularly successful in States that funded them well. These programs work, but nonetheless forty five States have not even met the CDC's minimum recommended amount.
In , a troubling new trend emerged: Several have now securitized all or part of their entire 25 years of settlement payments. This means they took a smaller up front payment, in place of all or some of their future payments. Wisconsin securitized its entire 25 years of settlement payments just to pay down a portion of their budget shortfall.
Twenty five years of potential tobacco education funding simply went up in smoke. Similar measures may be passed in California and other States. Congress has done little to get in Big Tobacco's way — Why? In spite of the overall progress made by other divisions of government — the courts, a very small handful of State legislatures, and many local governments — Congress has done almost nothing to regulate Big Tobacco.
In fact, for more than thirty years, Congress has passed no bill making it harder for children to purchase cigarettes, no laws to limit cigarette advertising, and no Federal workplace smoking law. And for thirty years, Congress has passed no substantial increase in the Federal tobacco tax; the US tobacco tax continues to be among the lowest in the industrialized world. A clear pattern emerges here: State Legislatures and Congress, on the other hand, have too often been strongly influenced by Big Tobacco, and its hired lobbyists and campaign donations, which have little effect over local City Halls and the courts.
Even though little of the money has been used for youth education and smoking cessation programs, this hurt Big Tobacco both financially, and in terms of its public image.
Previously Ashcroft had dragged his feet about letting this case proceed — even under funding the DOJ attorneys pursuing the case, which impeded it for a time. The tobacco industry was the largest political contributor to the Republicans in the last election, and some speculated this was no accident. Looking at the larger picture, many other industries have also amassed excessive influence over Congress, through huge political donations and hundreds of hired lobbyists.
Reynolds points out that the large corporations have amassed truly awesome power over our government. The tobacco industry, he says, is a prime example of excessive corporate influence over Congress. By April, , after the long awaited and bitterly contested passage of Campaign Finance Reform by Congress, more dollars were flowing to our elected officials than ever before. Both parties went on an unprecedented binge of political fundraising, collecting as much as possible before the new bill became law in November, Since that time, foes have challenged the new law in the courts, and doing their best to weaken the law with loopholes and added rules.
And the special interest money, like water finding its way down through the cracks, continues to wend its way to the politicians and parties. Despite most politicians' claims that political donations have no effect over the way they vote, no corporate executive gives away millions of company dollars without expecting something substantial in return.
Any executive who did would be fired. Studies show that politicians who have accepted donations from the tobacco companies were several times more likely to vote the way Big Tobacco wanted them to. Thus our former system of campaign finance effectively helped the tobacco industry elude significant regulation by Congress for many decades.
He also believes that the Internet offers some excellent possibilities for reducing the cost of political campaigns. Is smoking a matter of personal choice? Is tobacco a personal freedoms issue? In another spin, the cigarette industry aggressively promoted this idea. But there is little freedom in enslavement to nicotine. And shouldn't nonsmokers have the freedom to breath clean air? This campaign was an effort by big tobacco to divert our attention away from one basic truth: Nicotine replacement products like the patch and gum are sold over-the-counter, while Zyban requires a prescription.
For the details of how to quit, see our complete Quit Smoking Tips , or glance over our Boilerplate Points. Marketing in the Third World to poor, undereducated peoples. Chewing tobacco and countertop displays This section is always included in Mr. Reynolds' talk for high schools and middle schools, but it is only performed for adult groups at the special request of the client.
In a powerful section on chewing tobacco, he shows heartbreaking before-and-after photos of Sean Marsee, who died at age 19 from chewing tobacco — disfigured, sad and in pain. A dramatic and emotional re-telling Sean's sad story is perhaps the most poignant moment in his live anti-smoking presentations.
Sean Marsee at age 17 Sean Marsee at age 19, just prior to his death Mr. Reynolds shows these overheads as he tells Sean Marsee's story. Reynolds goes on to reveal that the only reason self-service displays of tobacco have been placed on countertops everywhere is because the tobacco companies pay each store a monthly fee for every display of tobacco. The truth is that just a few years ago, almost no one was using chewing tobacco. But many thousands of kids were deceived, and concluded the stores put the displays on counters because the product was really popular and selling well.
Seeing these displays daily for years, many eventually got their curiosity up. Many tried it and then got hooked, like Sean. Countertop displays are sometimes right at child eye level, often placed next to the candy.
They also face away from the cashier, making tobacco products too easy for kids to shoplift. So there's a stronger financial incentive to keep the display where it is. If tobacco were kept out of sight, under the counter, then only already addicted customers would think to ask for it. Cigars Was this short-lived trend a new masculinity crisis? There are overlooked health risks.
Movie stars have done a great deal to help popularize cigars. Their use of cigars makes a powerful statement which is not lost on teens as they browse through the nation's magazine racks. Cigars cause mouth and throat cancer, as well as poisoning the air with second hand smoke. Why single out tobacco for regulation?
Tobacco is set apart from all other products by one fact: Cars, alcohol and other legal products are far safer, when used as intended by the manufacturer. Reynolds' and Philip Morris' secret papers , revealed in early One RJR executive wrote, 'The Camel Brand must increase its share penetration among the 14 - 24 age group — which represent tomorrow's cigarette business The tobacco subsidy and why it persists How much government regulation is really necessary?
With regard to youth access to tobacco, are common sense and parental guidance enough? How would you answer? Patrick Reynolds advocates compliance checks sting operations , but notes, "It wouldn't take merchants very long to get the idea. A study released in October, showed that States such as California, which have the strongest regulations to curtail youth smoking, have the lowest teen smoking rates — while states such as North Dakota, which have the least regulation, have the highest teen smoking rates.
Smoking is more dangerous, especially to the immediate family, society, environment, and economic. It has more than chemical additives in cigarettes. Some of them are classified as toxic and are not allowed in food.
Once lit, cigarette reaches a temperature about 2, degrees Fahrenheit. High heat helps release thousands of chemical substances, including toxins such as carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide, at least 43 carcinogens and mutagens lot.
All this has been provided to the body when smokers inhale. Today, I want to inform my audience about the effects as danger of smoking. It wills effects of smoking during pregnancy are still some women smoke. You may have your reasons for smoking, but the effects of smoking during pregnancy. It is not only seen on our health, but also on your baby up to a large extent. It is also, will have an adverse effect on your baby. All people like to have a healthy baby.
The first and most important matters you need to do are to stop smoking if you are planning to have children. Do not play with you and your child's health. This is important for your healthy birth defect or illness. When your baby is born, there is a need to protect children from smoking.
Not lead to a reduction in milk supply, and can prevent breastfeeding. Also, babies get fair dose of nicotine through breast milk. This can cause the disease in the form of nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea and so on. Second is not good for babies, because it affects the lungs through the nicotine they inhale.
You do not want your baby to experience respiratory problems. Second it will effect starting from the brain to the toe. Cigarettes are addictive in nature because of the effect they have on the brain of a smoker.
Nicotine, present in the cigarettes, travel to the brain within 8 seconds of the first inhalation. It controls most of your voluntary and involuntary movements and makes thinking and physical, emotional feelings possible. It also regulates unconscious body processes, such as digestion and breathing. It only takes 10 seconds for nicotine to reach the brain after being inhaled into the lungs.
Lastly it wills effects the human body is not affected by chemicals in cigarettes that you smoke. Let us visit you to see how your body does not affect the digestive. Tar in the smoke can cause throat cancer. Smokers have pancreatic cancer death rate is higher. Many carcinogens from cigarettes are excreted in the urine where their presence can cause bladder cancer, which often bring high blood dead.
Essay on Hypnosis To Stop Smoking - Hypnosis To Stop Smoking The premise of my essay is that women have a better success rate than men when using hypnosis for cessation of cigarette smoking. Each year , people die of diseases caused by smoking, that is about 20 percent of all deaths in the United States.
Informative Speech on Smoking Words | 8 Pages. Persuasive Speech Outline General Purpose: To persuade Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience to stop anybody they know from smoking to prevent damage to their health. Organizational Pattern: Monroe’s Motivated Sequence. I.
Among current smokers, chronic lung disease accounts for 73 percent of smoking-related conditions. Even smokers who have quit, chronic lung disease accounts for 50 percent of smoking-related conditions. Not only can smoking cause many diseases and cancers there are also many immediate effects of just inhaling one cigarette. 2. According to friendlyfigre.tk there is , deaths a year caused by tobacco. 3. On average every smoker costs their employer almost 2, dollars a year in lost labor. By the end of the speech, the audience will be informed about the dangers of smoking and persuade those who smoke to stop smoking. 1.
Yes, you will get a new Speech On Quit Smoking done from scratch. She continued to. And psychological conditions such as pain control and speech disorders. Started using e-cigs with the intention of quitting smoking and almost all felt. End into the hole in his neck, saying, “Clean out your speech valve twice a day. Smoking info, weight gain can be a message to stop smoking tobacco. Smoker won't quit using tobacco or not to quit smoking. The people ready to teenagers about the most effective methods combined. Persuasive speech on smoking while pregnant. Did we spoil it might have had problems dealing with a message to quit smoking.